The NAPLAN Numeracy tests measure the achievement of students in numeracy. The main reference for numeracy as well as mathematical knowledge, skills and understanding is the Statements of Learning for Mathematics (MCEECDYA 2006). This document identifies five broadly defined and inter-related aspects of mathematics curricula that are considered essential and common: number; algebra, function & pattern; measurement, chance & data; space; and working mathematically (eg knowing, applying and reasoning).
The Numeracy tests contain two types of items: multiple-choice and constructed response. In Years 7 and 9, students sit two numeracy tests; one which does not allow the use of a calculator and one in which a calculator is permitted.
The minimum standards for numeracy describe some of the skills and understandings students are generally expected to demonstrate at their particular year of schooling. The standards are intended to be a snapshot of typical achievement and do not describe the full range of what students are taught or what they may achieve. For further information on the National Minimum Standards see Performance Standards.