Disability adjustments

Disability adjustments are provided to students with disability to support access to NAPLAN tests and encourage maximum participation. These adjustments are detailed in the National Protocols for Test Administration - NAPLAN Online

As every student with disability has individual needs, experiences and functional abilities, no typical or uniform testing experience can apply to all students with disability. As is currently the case for NAPLAN tests, a student’s accessibility requirements need to be established prior to testing. Read the Guide for schools to assist students with disability to access NAPLAN Online (PDF icon 263 KB) for more information.

During transition years to NAPLAN Online, where required, special-print paper-based tests will continue to be available.

Teachers and schools are in the best position to determine the needs of individual students, in consultation with students and their parents/carers. For NAPLAN, some adjustments must be approved by the local test administration authority. The following are important considerations in the application of adjustments in the NAPLAN tests: 

  • Adjustments should generally reflect the kind of support and assistance provided in the classroom for assessment activities for students to demonstrate what they know and can do. 

  • Adjustments should allow students with various disabilities to access the tests. A student may have access to more than one adjustment in any one test, and adjustments may be different for different tests for a given student. 

  • When providing adjustments, the integrity of the NAPLAN tests should be maintained. For example, reading the stimulus material and/or questions to a student during the reading test is not appropriate or permitted, even if this is what the student has in their normal classroom. 

Alternative questions

For NAPLAN Online, tests are delivered through an online assessment platform and there is a range of question types that require different interactions. As part of the available adjustments, alternative format questions may be suitable for some students with disability.  

Questions that some students with disability may not be able to access are substituted in a more accessible format. The demonstration site showcases the categories of alternative format questions: audio, motor and visual.

Where a student requires alternative questions in one or more of these categories, the platform will automatically substitute that question when required. 

As with all adjustments, a student may have access to more than one adjustment in any one test, and adjustments may be different for different tests for a given student. For example, a student requiring visual adjustment questions may also use magnification and/or assistive technology adjustments. Students requiring motor adjusted questions, may also require a support person and/or assistive technology. 

Schools will work with parents and students to identify, on a case-by-case basis, reasonable adjustments required for individual students with disability to access NAPLAN Online. 

Accessing the NAPLAN Online test  

The NAPLAN Online National Assessment Platform uses a locked down browser (LDB) to help ensure security during testing. Students may use an unsecured browser if their assistive technology or system settings are not compatible with the LDB. Using an unsecured browser will requires local test administration authority approval and extra supervision. Considerations for assistive technology can be found in the National Protocols for Test Administration - NAPLAN Online

All screen elements will meet the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) version 2.0 level AA1.