The NAPLAN numeracy tests measure the achievement of students in numeracy. The main reference for numeracy as well as mathematical knowledge, skills and understanding is the Australian Curriculum: Mathematics. The numeracy tests assess the proficiency strands of understanding, fluency, problem-solving and reasoning across the three content strands of mathematics: number and algebra; measurement and geometry; and statistics and probability.

The numeracy tests contain two types of items: multiple-choice and constructed response.

Year 7 and Year 9 tests

The NAPLAN numeracy tests for Year 7 and Year 9 students will be updated in 2017 to be consistent with the expectations of the Australian Curriculum and other NAPLAN domains.

The Year 7 and Year 9 tests will reduce from 64 questions to 48 questions. ACARA studies indicate this change will not unduly affect the reliability and validity of the numeracy test. The test continues to cover all sub-domains of numeracy, allowing students to demonstrate performance across a range of numeracy skills.

As the test has fewer questions overall, students will sit one numeracy test session instead of two. This test includes two parts: Part A (where a calculator is allowed) and Part B (where students are not permitted to use a calculator). The number of questions across the entire test that require mental calculation remains the same.

Minimum standards

The minimum standards for numeracy describe some of the skills and understandings students are generally expected to demonstrate at their particular year of schooling. The standards are intended to be a snapshot of typical achievement and do not describe the full range of what students are taught or what they may achieve. For further information on the national minimum standards, see standards.