Results and reports

NAPLAN results are reported in a number of ways, including national results, individual student reports and school-level reporting on the My School website.

NAPLAN tests are not pass/fail assessments.

Since 2023, NAPLAN results are reported against proficiency standards, with student achievement shown against 4 levels of proficiency. There is a standard for each assessment area at each year level. These replace the previous numerical NAPLAN bands and national minimum standards. The NAPLAN measurement scale and time series have also been reset.

NAPLAN national results

NAPLAN national results are provided in an interactive online report that includes results at each year level and domain by state/territory and nationally, by gender, Indigeneity, language background other than English status, parental occupation, parental education, and remoteness.

ACARA works with states and territories to analyse this unique data set – allowing us to see how students have progressed in the important areas of literacy and numeracy across the years of schooling.

Prior to 2023, NAPLAN national results were released as a national report in PDF format. The NAPLAN technical report continues to be provided as a PDF. Technical reports and past national reports are available at the bottom of this page.

NAPLAN 2024 national results are expected to be released in mid-August 2024.


NAPLAN results for schools

Results for schools and students who completed NAPLAN are provided to schools in the student and school summary report (SSSR), or other reporting provided by the state/territory test administration authority (TAA). See How to interpret the SSSR (PDF 2.8 MB) for more information. 

See the NAPLAN scales and proficiency standards section of this page for more information on the NAPLAN proficiency standards or read NAPLAN 2024 results – information for principals and teachers (PDF 185 KB).

NAPLAN 2024 preliminary SSSRs (excluding writing) are expected to be released from 26 April 2024, with final SSSRs (including writing) released from mid-June 2024. The dates for release may vary by jurisdiction. Schools should contact their TAA for more information. 

NAPLAN results for students, parents and carers (individual student reports)

All students who participate in NAPLAN receive an individual report of their results. Individual student reports are not provided for the NAP sample assessments.

NAPLAN individual student reports (ISRs) will be provided to schools from the start of Term 3, with timing determined by the state or territory test administration authority (TAA).

Since 2023, NAPLAN individual student results are reported against proficiency standards to provide parents and carers clear information on student achievement.

The proficiency standards are set to a challenging but reasonable level expected for students at the time of NAPLAN testing. What NAPLAN assesses has not changed.

Reading a NAPLAN individual student report

The front page of the student report provides general information about the tests and an explanation of how to read the report.

The second and third pages show the student’s result in each assessment area. The results are classified into one of 4 proficiency levels: Exceeding, Strong, Developing and Needs additional support.

The report shows the student’s achievement against the national average for their year (shown as a black triangle) and the range of achievement for the middle 60% of students in their year level (shown as a light shaded rectangle). Reports in some states and territories also show the school average.

The final page of the report provides a brief summary of the skills typically demonstrated by students at each proficiency level. Longer descriptions of the skills typically demonstrated by a student at each proficiency level can be found at proficiency level descriptions

Watch our video on reading NAPLAN ISRs (3:15) | transcript (PDF 130 KB):


See the Individual student report – brochure for parents/carers (PDF 173 KB). The brochure is also available in the following languages:

Translations © the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority and reproduced with thanks.

Other resources for ISRs:


NAPLAN scales and proficiency standards

Education ministers agreed that NAPLAN test results would be reported using proficiency standards from 2023. Together with the move to an earlier NAPLAN in March, these changes met an initiative of the 2019 National School Reform Agreement. 

The proficiency standards are reported on reset NAPLAN measurement scales that make better use of the online adaptive tests.

A new NAPLAN time series was established from 2023. Results from 2023 on cannot be directly compared to results from 2008 to 2022.


NAPLAN results are reported using measurement scales for each of the assessment areas of numeracy, reading, writing, spelling, and grammar and punctuation (spelling, grammar and punctuation together are called conventions of language). There are 5 scales in all.

Proficiency standards

The NAPLAN proficiency standards include 4 proficiency levels for each assessment area at each year level: 

  • Exceeding: the student’s result exceeds expectations at the time of testing. 
  • Strong: the student’s result meets challenging but reasonable expectations at the time of testing.
  • Developing: the student’s result indicates that they are working towards expectations at the time of testing.
  • Needs additional support: the student’s result indicates that they are not achieving the learning outcomes expected at the time of testing. They are likely to need additional support to progress satisfactorily.

Each of the standards represents increasingly challenging skills and understandings as students move through the years of schooling.

The number and percentage of questions a student needs to answer correctly to achieve a result in a given level varies depending on the test domain, year level and, for non-writing tests, the student’s pathway through the tailored test.

A student’s score point on each scale is determined by the student’s total test score rather than the most difficult item correctly answered. Typically, students will be able to correctly answer most of the items that are below their score point and may correctly answer some of the items above their score point.

The diagram below illustrates the progression of proficiency levels from Year 3 to Year 9. It shows an average of the five assessment areas. There are slight variations between assessment areas – the precise location of each proficiency level on the NAPLAN scale is indicated in the table beneath the diagram.

Diagram: NAPLAN measurement scales averaged across domains

NAPLAN averaged measurement scales

Table: NAPLAN scale score cut points (lower bounds) between proficiency levels

Domain Year Needs additional support / Developing Developing / Strong Strong / Exceeding
Numeracy 3 311 378 493
5 386 451 577
7 431 500 632
9 463 536 673
Reading 3 282 368 481
5 377 448 555
7 430 500 603
9 464 539 639
Writing 3 296 370 503
5 385 455 570
7 439 511 614
9 469 553 647
Spelling 3 294 380 489
5 378 451 553
7 430 497 595
9 470 532 627
Grammar and Punctuation 3 312 404 523
5 397 470 582
7 444 513 620
9 460 545 649


Other resources:  


How do the changes more clearly report student achievement?

The proficiency levels allow teachers and parents to see a measure of each student’s achievement and show more clearly whether a student is meeting expectations for their current stage of schooling.

For example, the ‘Exceeding’ level indicates a student has exceeded the expectations for their current stage of schooling.

The previous bands required background knowledge of which bands related to the expectations at each year level tested.

How do schools track student performance?

A new results time series was established from 2023, which means results from 2023 onwards cannot be directly compared with results from 2008 to 2022.

A student’s performance relative to that of other students can still be tracked on the individual student report by comparing the student’s result to the national average and to the range of achievement for the middle 60% of students.

Schools can also track individual student results over time from 2023 by comparing the numerical scores provided in school-level results from test administration authorities.

Class or school results can be tracked over time from 2023 by measuring the proportion of students who sit within each proficiency level over different years – as the cohort moves from Year 7 to Year 9, for example, or for successive cohorts at the same year level.

On ACARA’s My School website, parents, carers and teachers can continue to see the average performance of students in each year level at their school through the Student results display. ‘Student progress’ and ‘Above average student progress’ is available for 2012–2021, and will be available in the future for 2023–2025 onwards.

Is ‘Needs additional support’ the new national minimum standard?

The previous national minimum standard provided an approximate measure of which students needed additional support but identified too few of these students. It could also give the impression that a student had met learning expectations if they were above the national minimum standard. The ‘Needs additional support’ level is a better representation of students who need additional support.

Is it only students in the ‘Needs additional support’ level who need specific support?

The ‘Needs additional support’ proficiency level is intended to identify students who are at risk of not progressing satisfactorily at school. Students with results in other levels may also need support in particular areas. Those in the ‘Developing’ level are likely to need more support than those in the ‘Exceeding’ and ‘Strong’ levels.

Teachers can use the information in these assessments together with their own knowledge of a student to identify if support is required for students in levels other than ‘Needs additional support’.



NAPLAN technical reports

Past NAPLAN national reports