Results and reports

NAP sample assessments are reported in national reports and technical reports. There are 2 important elements to how these results are reported: the proficiency scale and the proficient standards.

The national report provides an overview of student performance against the relevant proficiency levels. The report includes an analysis of various findings across states and territories and student sub-groups, for example: the relative achievements of male/female students; metropolitan students/rural students and Indigenous/non-Indigenous students.

A technical report is also released, which provides detailed information about the statistical and measurement methods and procedures used. This enables valid interpretations and transparent evaluations of the reported outcomes.

Individual student reports are not provided for NAP sample assessments. Participating schools receive a basic report about the performance of their students.

NAP sample assessments are not pass/fail tests.

NAP sample proficiency scales and proficient standards

Proficiency scales

One of the main objectives of the National Assessment Program is to monitor trends in performance over time. In order to do this, proficiency scales have been developed for each of the sample assessment domains. The same score on the scale represents the same level of achievement over time. However, the proficiency scales are not comparable between domains. Each scale defines between 5 and 7 proficiency levels.

More information on the proficiency scales for each of the sample assessment domains is available in the NAP sample assessment public reports.

Proficient standards

Achievement in the NAP sample assessments is measured against nationally agreed proficiency scales, each of which has a number of defined levels.

For each of the 3 sample assessments, a proficient standard is also set for each year level. See the proficiency level descriptions and proficient standards for science literacy, ICT literacy and civics and citizenship


NAP sample assessments national reports

NAP sample public reports provide a national comparison of student performance against the relevant framework. A technical report is also released, which provides detailed information about the conduct of the NAP sample subject so that valid interpretations of the relevant results can be made, and future NAP sample assessment cycles can be undertaken, and linked with, appropriate information from past NAP sample assessments.

See the NAP sample assessment reports:

Public report

Technical report

Science literacy


2023 NAP SL public report (PDF 3.6 MB)
2018 NAP SL public report (PDF 5.81 MB)
2015 NAP SL public report (PDF 3.4 MB) 
2012 NAP SL public report (PDF 3.23 MB) 
2009 NAP SL public report (PDF 5.62 MB) 
2006 NAP SL public report (PDF 6.61 MB) 
2003 NAP SL public report (PDF 7.31 MB) 

2023 NAP SL technical report (PDF 4.3 MB) 
2018 NAP SL technical report (PDF 3.3 MB) 
2015 NAP SL technical report (PDF 4 MB)
2012 NAP SL technical report (PDF 2.67 MB)
2009 NAP SL technical report (PDF 9.80 MB)
2006 NAP SL technical report (PDF 1.98 MB)
2003 NAP SL technical report (PDF 1.23 MB)

Civics and citizenship


2019 NAP CC public report (PDF 12.1 MB) 
2016 NAP CC public report (PDF 4.2 MB)
2013 NAP CC public report (PDF 3.98 MB) 
2010 NAP CC public report (PDF 2.71 MB)
2007 NAP CC public report (PDF 2.76 MB)
2004 NAP CC public report (PDF 4.82 MB)

2019 NAP CC technical report (PDF 2.96 MB) 
2016 NAP CC technical report (PDF 1 MB) 
2013 NAP CC technical report (PDF 4.57 MB)
2010 NAP CC technical report (PDF 3.21 MB) 
2007 NAP CC technical report (PDF 1.36 MB) 
2004 NAP CC technical report (PDF 1.52 MB) 

Information and
communication technology literacy


2022 NAP ICTL public report (PDF 8.1 MB)
2017 NAP ICTL public report (PDF 4.3 MB)
2014 NAP ICTL public report (PDF 9.23 MB)
2011 NAP ICTL public report (PDF 6.16 MB)
2008 NAP ICTL public report (PDF 1.18 MB)
2005 NAP ICTL public report (PDF 1.78 MB) 

2022 NAP ICTL technical report (PDF 4.62 MB)
2017 NAP ICTL technical report (PDF 3.3 MB)
2014 NAP ICTL technical report (PDF 1.7 MB)
2011 NAP ICTL technical report (PDF 1.54 MB) 
2008 NAP ICTL technical report (PDF 1.76 MB)
2005 NAP ICTL technical report (PDF 919 KB)